Sajani Surendran, K. V. Ajay Anand, Suraj Ravindran and K Rajendran
Evaluation of century-long simulations of the Community Earth System Model (CESM) reveals model fidelity in capturing characteristics of aerosols, clouds, convection, rainfall and circulation over India associated with the active/break phase with wetter/drier than average rainfall within the summer monsoon season. During the breaks, aerosols build up over central India due to desert dust transported from the west by anomalous circulation, the trapping of dust emissions from the Thar-desert and the increased aerosol lifetime in dry conditions. Break spells exhibit reduced cloud effective radius and enhanced lower atmospheric warming over central India as potential evidence for the indirect effect induced by dust aerosols. Consistently, break spells intensify in CESM simulation with increased loading of dust aerosols. The indirect effect of dust aerosols in warming the atmosphere and exacerbating the severity of breaks is conspicuous in simulations forced with the indirect effect of aerosols alone, both for present-day and pre-industrial periods.
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