The newly formed Data Science and Supercomputing Division (DSSD), is proposed to grow with two objectives. One is to build on its rich expertise of providing CSIR centralized cyber infrastructure and research in cyber security & privacy. Some of the notable achievements are (i) hosting one of the largest supercomputing facility (ii) receiving largest industry donation (about Rs. 15cr) from AMD Inc. to host a super computing system exclusive for COVID19 research (iii) cyber security test bed which gave first time demonstration of malicious attacks and also led to development / experimental deployment of Darknet (iv) next generation Internet Protocol engineering (v) AI based lightweight security algorithms for connected vehicles which is still a futuristic proposition in India. The team has several patents and high impact publications to their credit. The plan is to strengthen them further with applications of strategic and societal importance using data driven approaches. The second objective is to expand the capacity to implement data science research, industry collaborations and the availability of cutting-edge computational tools in a domain agnostic manner. Few activities were initiated recently to develop framework for deep learning based time series analysis with the help of in-house domain expertise in earth sciences. However, the long term objective is to make this activity a horizontal cutting across all the theme verticals of CSIR, by expanding the team by recruiting more trained manpower.
The Earth & Engineering Sciences Division (EESD) at CSIR-4PI is recognised as a leader at national level and competing at international level for its multi-dimensional high impact studies of the earth system covering all the four geographic spheres for over three decades. CSIR-4PI pioneered in Global Positioning System (GPS) based geo-science research in India since 1994, when GPS was made fully operational. We were the first to give both neo-deterministic and probabilistic seismic hazard map for Indian Sub continent. Forecasting of high impact hydro-meteorological disasters in the context of urbanization and land use change is an important activity at CSIR-4PI. Another impactful activity is the study of various aspects of climate change using mathematical modelling, data analytics, space-based geodesy etc. and its impact on rainfall, agriculture and health hazards specific to Indian sub-continent. Understanding different factors influencing the variation in the Indian Summer Monsoon and quantifying them is an active area of research of the institute. Studies on carbon cycle in ocean, atmosphere and land adds one more dimension in the context of the Paris climate agreement by providing robust carbon flux estimates that can help addressing gaps in atmospheric carbon cycle research. Most of these studies are supported by highly sophisticated observational infrastructure of the Institute such as GNSS network, broadband seismic network, GHG observation network (WMO standard) being operated in collaboration with several research and academic institutes across the county for past three decades. In fact the institute established IGS (International GNSS Service) station at Bangalore in 1994 which serves as a reference station for all the crustal deformation research in the country. These activities resulted in high impact scientific publications and citations indicating the global relevance of the research. Some of the notable outcomes of these studies are (i) Indian reference frame definition and estimation of precise surface crustal motion of Indian tectonic plate (ii) estimation of slip along major faults and crustal strain rates along seismically active boundaries and plate interiors (iii) site specific microzonation maps for Delhi, Ahmedabad, Bangalore and Srinagar cities . earthquake (iv) quantification of extreme events such as heavy rainfall, heat waves, cyclones etc. (v) calculation of the atmospheric loading of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane over time (vi) influence of aerosol-cloud interactions on the sub seasonal variation of Indian summer monsoon rainfall (vii) enhancement of the quality of livelihood opportunities and resilience for the people in the Indian Himalayas (viii) temperature dependent transmission potential model for chikungunya in India and several other achievements. The team received several prestigious national (CSIR Bhatnagar, National Mineral/Geoscience), state (CV Raman etc..) and young scientist (CSIR, INSA) awards for these works. Certainly there is a need to strengthen this niche expertise considering its huge societal benefit and CSIR-4PI is committed to sustain its leadership role in the years to come.